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Images, Reflections on Life and Art
by Prabal Pramanik
ISBN No. : 978-93-81200-19-3
Price : Rs. 120/-

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Images, Reflections on Life and Art
by Prabal Pramanik
ISBN No. : 978-93-81200-19-3
Price : Rs. 120/-

CO-RELATIONS OF ASPECTS IN ART

Streaks of golden lightning flicker over soft clouds in shades of grey in deepening twilight and Radha's fragile form softly contrasts against the dark background. The uncertain heart on the way of eternal tryst between the loved and the beloved, manifests in the nature.
The total picture in fine decorative miniature recalls the lines of Vidyapati, "At twilight, the form of the precious lady contrasts against the dark background just as a streak of lightning contrasts against the new rain cloud."
The above description is just one example of the co-relation between different aspects of art.
Art is a word of multi-dimensional contours and it penetrates deeper into consciousness than most other emotions in existence and in a more subtle way.
The difference in the way of expression of emotions has created distinct different forms in the sphere of art.
An able intelligent animal that has attained certain physical and psychological abilities through the process of evolution, such as man. may express his emotions in creative forms in vocal and linguistic aspects as well as in non-verbal ways.
It is most interesting to note that different dimensions of art are very much co-related in their forms of expression and theme.
One form often serves as the basis of expression that provides the structural base for another form of art.
To quote an example-Dance and music from the paleolithic age has provided each other with structural support enabling a single or a group of people to create a "bhava" or an emotional entity.
Very often, without that support in the physical structure of expression, the "bhava" would not assume its desired proportion. Even paleolithic and Mesolithic men of hunting community used cave and sand illustrations of various sorts to give visual representation to vocal expression of their thoughts, thus creating a very firm bond of co-relation between different aspects of art.
Not only to emphasize his words and written languages, man through out the ages, has used painting, sculpturing and other visual arts in a closely related way to serve many purposes concerning instructions and decorations.
Before going deep into this point, we must always remember, that just any expression of creativity is not art.
To be worthy of being called art, a piece of work must attain a certain standard of aesthetic excellence in visual forms.
This inspiration, indeed knows no bond of time, life and place. A piece of art produced at certain period of time, is apt to be appreciated by those capable of enjoying that piece of art, even in other periods and from different cultural environments.
The words of Bhavabhuti come to the mind, "if any like minded person is born, he would appreciate me. for time is eternal and world is wide".
The influence of inspiration from a certain piece of art. may produce different forms in separate social environments.
The epics have influenced artists throughout the ages to produce countless pieces of two and three dimensional forms.
Barriers of religion, creed and region fade away before the force of appreciation.
Jayadeva wrote the "Gita Govinda" in Bengal and the illustrations of this superb work were made in Rajasthan at a later age.
Distance of age and environment did not prevent the manifestation of "rasa"' in different artistic forms.
In fact, the flow of "rasa" or feeling was able to perpetuate throughout the ages in the successful representation of the poems in pictorial forms.
Very often, without successful representation in other forms of art one form of art would not find the solid mass base in society, which is a must for the survival of that particular form.
The epics survived with massive bases in human hearts allowing a very forceful mass-appeal, through their representation in other forms of art. Countless renderings through the dance and drama made it possible to form the popular base of folk literature in every country in the world.
The folk literature traveled from land to land in the course of human migration and the dramatic and pictorial forms differed in their representations creating diversity in emotional impact.
Certain literature can inspire folk and classical forms of art both giving wider dimensions in different levels of appreciation in many social stages.
Manuscripts were designed and decorated by illuminators ever since the olden times. Illustrations accompanying scripts and enforcing their message on stone, on metal, on leaves, on paper, on leather or on cloth are found in different ages ever since man started expressing himself in scripto-verbal and pictorial forms. In fact the scripts owe their existence to pictorial forms and are very often modified pictographs. The Hieroglyphics, Chinese characters, and Cuniform writings are modified pictorial symbols.
The immense work on illustrations done throughout the ages, testfy man's understanding of the growing demand of the accompaniment of art with literature and has created an inseparable affinity art and literature,
In the sphere of public instruction through two dimensional and three dimensional means the relation of art and literature has been ever growing and has greater possibilities in future.
The need of the co-relation of art and literature stands as valid today as in the days when wall-paintings accompanied scripts in ancient Egypt. Certain factors are to be noted when appreciating the relation between literary and visual arts in a certain region. The peculiarities and qualities of creative expression of any region reflect in visual and literary arts both.
As example we can say that suggestive forms with the economy of expression is found in many forms of Japanese art and Japanese poetry too.
The grandeur of classical Sanskrit literature find a perfect counter part in sculptures and paintings of classical school of ancient India.
Thus we find that the cultural heritage of every civilization has its own traits in literature, visual arts, music and dance.
In the field of education, the pictures illustrating the subject, themselves educate and help in giving a visual representation of the matter to be taught.
For children, illustrated literature has opened up a whole new world of knowledge and enjoyment in every language and in all countries. When one reads or listens to literature one likes to visualize the scene one is reading or listening to, and pictures related to the text help to visualize by guiding the imageries with concrete information. In fact without illustration many a book would have little or no impact to the reader.
Vocal folk literature is also often related to folk art and we can cite the example "Phad" painting of Rajasthan and the songs that go with them.
Performing arts such as dance, drama etc. also influence visual arts in massive way. We can cite the example of countless paintings and sculptures made ever since men started depicting dancers on cave walls. Visual arts enriched and widened the flow of performing arts with many exotic creations such as postures of lyrical beauty showings the "mudras" giving dynamic representation of static matters such as stone, metal, wood or ivory. Without the inspiration from performing arts most of the lyrical enchantment in visual arts would not have existed. The diversity of styles which were influenced by performing arts ranges from wall and cave-painting in hoary past to ballerinas, by Degas,
Visual arts also flourished and still flourishes as supplement to the performing arts such as scene painting, stage decoration, costume designing, special effects work, and many other jobs of the art designer in shows.
An important point to remember, in the study of co-relation of aspects of arts is that the same "rasa" or the impact of the mood, in abstract form finds its "adhara" or the concrete form in many shapes allowing a sensitive-mind to appreciate different aspects of art.
Prabal Pramanik

 

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