Images, Reflections on Life and Art
by Prabal Pramanik
ISBN No. : 978-93-81200-19-3
Price : Rs. 120/-
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Images, Reflections on Life and
by Prabal Pramanik
ISBN No. : 978-93-81200-19-3
Price : Rs. 120/-
CO-RELATIONS OF ASPECTS IN ART
of golden lightning flicker over soft clouds in shades of grey in deepening twilight and
Radha's fragile form softly contrasts against the dark background. The uncertain heart on
the way of eternal tryst between the loved and the beloved, manifests in the nature.Prabal Pramanik ©
The total picture in fine decorative miniature recalls the lines of Vidyapati, "At
twilight, the form of the precious lady contrasts against the dark background just as a
streak of lightning contrasts against the new rain cloud."
The above description is just one example of the co-relation between different aspects of
Art is a word of multi-dimensional contours and it penetrates deeper into consciousness
than most other emotions in existence and in a more subtle way.
The difference in the way of expression of emotions has created distinct different forms
in the sphere of art.
An able intelligent animal that has attained certain physical and psychological abilities
through the process of evolution, such as man. may express his emotions in creative forms
in vocal and linguistic aspects as well as in non-verbal ways.
It is most interesting to note that different dimensions of art are very much co-related
in their forms of expression and theme.
One form often serves as the basis of expression that provides the structural base for
another form of art.
To quote an example-Dance and music from the paleolithic age has provided each other with
structural support enabling a single or a group of people to create a "bhava" or
an emotional entity.
Very often, without that support in the physical structure of expression, the
"bhava" would not assume its desired proportion. Even paleolithic and Mesolithic
men of hunting community used cave and sand illustrations of various sorts to give visual
representation to vocal expression of their thoughts, thus creating a very firm bond of
co-relation between different aspects of art.
Not only to emphasize his words and written languages, man through out the ages, has used
painting, sculpturing and other visual arts in a closely related way to serve many
purposes concerning instructions and decorations.
Before going deep into this point, we must always remember, that just any expression of
creativity is not art.
To be worthy of being called art, a piece of work must attain a certain standard of
aesthetic excellence in visual forms.
This inspiration, indeed knows no bond of time, life and place. A piece of art produced at
certain period of time, is apt to be appreciated by those capable of enjoying that piece
of art, even in other periods and from different cultural environments.
The words of Bhavabhuti come to the mind, "if any like minded person is born, he
would appreciate me. for time is eternal and world is wide".
The influence of inspiration from a certain piece of art. may produce different forms in
separate social environments.
The epics have influenced artists throughout the ages to produce countless pieces of two
and three dimensional forms.
Barriers of religion, creed and region fade away before the force of appreciation.
Jayadeva wrote the "Gita Govinda" in Bengal and the illustrations of this superb
work were made in Rajasthan at a later age.
Distance of age and environment did not prevent the manifestation of "rasa"' in
different artistic forms.
In fact, the flow of "rasa" or feeling was able to perpetuate throughout the
ages in the successful representation of the poems in pictorial forms.
Very often, without successful representation in other forms of art one form of art would
not find the solid mass base in society, which is a must for the survival of that
The epics survived with massive bases in human hearts allowing a very forceful
mass-appeal, through their representation in other forms of art. Countless renderings
through the dance and drama made it possible to form the popular base of folk literature
in every country in the world.
The folk literature traveled from land to land in the course of human migration and the
dramatic and pictorial forms differed in their representations creating diversity in
Certain literature can inspire folk and classical forms of art both giving wider
dimensions in different levels of appreciation in many social stages.
Manuscripts were designed and decorated by illuminators ever since the olden times.
Illustrations accompanying scripts and enforcing their message on stone, on metal, on
leaves, on paper, on leather or on cloth are found in different ages ever since man
started expressing himself in scripto-verbal and pictorial forms. In fact the scripts owe
their existence to pictorial forms and are very often modified pictographs. The
Hieroglyphics, Chinese characters, and Cuniform writings are modified pictorial symbols.
The immense work on illustrations done throughout the ages, testfy man's understanding of
the growing demand of the accompaniment of art with literature and has created an
inseparable affinity art and literature,
In the sphere of public instruction through two dimensional and three dimensional means
the relation of art and literature has been ever growing and has greater possibilities in
The need of the co-relation of art and literature stands as valid today as in the days
when wall-paintings accompanied scripts in ancient Egypt. Certain factors are to be noted
when appreciating the relation between literary and visual arts in a certain region. The
peculiarities and qualities of creative expression of any region reflect in visual and
literary arts both.
As example we can say that suggestive forms with the economy of expression is found in
many forms of Japanese art and Japanese poetry too.
The grandeur of classical Sanskrit literature find a perfect counter part in sculptures
and paintings of classical school of ancient India.
Thus we find that the cultural heritage of every civilization has its own traits in
literature, visual arts, music and dance.
In the field of education, the pictures illustrating the subject, themselves educate and
help in giving a visual representation of the matter to be taught.
For children, illustrated literature has opened up a whole new world of knowledge and
enjoyment in every language and in all countries. When one reads or listens to literature
one likes to visualize the scene one is reading or listening to, and pictures related to
the text help to visualize by guiding the imageries with concrete information. In fact
without illustration many a book would have little or no impact to the reader.
Vocal folk literature is also often related to folk art and we can cite the example
"Phad" painting of Rajasthan and the songs that go with them.
Performing arts such as dance, drama etc. also influence visual arts in massive way. We
can cite the example of countless paintings and sculptures made ever since men started
depicting dancers on cave walls. Visual arts enriched and widened the flow of performing
arts with many exotic creations such as postures of lyrical beauty showings the
"mudras" giving dynamic representation of static matters such as stone, metal,
wood or ivory. Without the inspiration from performing arts most of the lyrical
enchantment in visual arts would not have existed. The diversity of styles which were
influenced by performing arts ranges from wall and cave-painting in hoary past to
ballerinas, by Degas,
Visual arts also flourished and still flourishes as supplement to the performing arts such
as scene painting, stage decoration, costume designing, special effects work, and many
other jobs of the art designer in shows.
An important point to remember, in the study of co-relation of aspects of arts is that the
same "rasa" or the impact of the mood, in abstract form finds its
"adhara" or the concrete form in many shapes allowing a sensitive-mind to
appreciate different aspects of art.